Tax and super
August 05 2021
Contains comprehensive information regarding the tax treatment of super.
Tax can be complicated and rates and thresholds are subject to change. It's important to know the impact of tax on your super.
Here you can find more information about providing your tax file number (TFN) to ESSSuper, tax considerations when you are building your super, and things to consider when you're ready to access your super.
Providing your tax file number (TFN)
ESSSuper is authorised by tax laws to request members' tax file numbers (TFNs). If you provide your TFN, ESSSuper will use it for lawful purposes only. It is not an offence not to provide your TFN and you are not obliged to by law.
Providing your TFN may have the following advantages:
- Your Accumulation Plan account will be able to accept all types of contributions.
- Tax on contributions to your Accumulation Plan account will not increase as a consequence of not providing your TFN.
- No additional tax will be deducted when you start receiving pension payments (other than what may ordinarily apply).
- It is easier to trace different superannuation accounts in your name so you receive all your superannuation benefits when you retire.
- We may also use your TFN to identify multiple accounts and consolidate them where permitted under law.
Use this form to provide us with your TFN
Tax file number notification (ES157)
TAX WHEN BUILDING YOUR SUPER
Contribution caps and tax
The Federal Government sets limits (called contribution caps) on the amount of contributions made to all of your super accounts in a financial year. If you exceed these caps, extra tax applies.
Two separate caps apply for super contributions:
Concessional contributions: such as compulsory employer contributions (SG), salary sacrifice contributions and notional employer contributions (for defined benefits) or contributions for which a tax deduction has been claimed.
Non-concessional contributions: generally personal contributions made from after-tax income and other contributions not subject to tax.
For further information on contribution limits, read the ATO's Super contributions – too much can mean extra tax page.
The table below shows tax that applies to contributions if we have your tax file number (TFN). If we don't have your TFN, all contributions are taxed at 47% (including the Medicare levy of 2%).
|Type of contribution
(e.g. employer SG and salary sacrifice)
- 15% on amounts up to $27,5001,2,4 a year.
- Where your combined income including concessional contributions exceeds $250,000 p.a. (including the concessional contributions you make) an additional 15% tax will apply to concessional contributions relating to the income exceeding $250,000.
(e.g. personal or spouse contributions)
Please also refer to the Bring-forward rule for non-concessional contributions section below to see if you're eligible to contribute above the $110,000 cap.
Bring-forward rule for non-concessional contributions
If you have a total super balance of less than $1.48 million and you are under 67 years, you can 'bring forward' more than $110,000 of non-concessional contributions in one year (e.g. you can exceed the non-concessional cap), as long as you don't exceed $330,000 over a rolling three-year period. If you have a total super balance of between $1.48 million and $1.59 million and you are under 67 years of age, you can bring forward up to $220,000 over a two-year period.
Tax above contribution caps
It's important to stay under the contributions caps because of the tax penalties that apply.
Any excess concessional contributions above the cap will be included in your assessable income and, if left in the fund, taxed at your marginal tax rate. They will also be counted towards your non-concessional contributions cap.
A notice of excess non-concessional (after-tax) contributions will be sent to you by the Australian Tax Office (ATO). The ATO's If you exceed your non-concessional contributions cap page describes the two options you have within 60 days from the date of that letter.
Note: If your excess contributions are in a defined benefit fund, option 2 is the only option available to you, and your tax will need to be paid from your own pocket. If the excess contributions are in an Accumulation Plan, you can choose between options 1 and 2 when you receive your determination letter.
If you have a total super balance above the transfer balance cap (refer below) at 30 June of the previous financial year, your non-concessional contributions cap is zero ($0.00). Refer to the ATO's website at ato.gov.au for more information.
Tax on investment earnings
Investment earnings in the accumulation phase and for Working Income Streams are generally taxed at 15%. The rate may be less due to tax credits or other rebates. Tax is deducted from investment earnings before net earning rates are declared and credited (or debited) to your account.
Note: This does not impact defined benefits you may have with ESSSuper. There is no tax on the investment earnings of Retirement Income Streams.
TAX WHEN ACCESSING YOUR SUPER
Tax on rollovers
If you rollover your benefit to another complying fund, you do not pay lump sum tax at the time of the rollover (unless your benefit includes an untaxed taxable amount). You may pay tax when you receive your benefit as cash.
Tax on lump sum benefits withdrawn from super before age 60
If you are aged 60 or over any lump sum superannuation payments are generally tax free.
If you are aged 60 or over pensions received from a 'taxed' superannuation fund (ESSSuper) are tax free up to a $106,250 Defined Benefit Pension cap (indexed). 50% of Defined Benefit Pension income above the cap of $106,250 per year (indexed) will be included as assessable income and taxed at your marginal tax rate.
Tax on benefits before age 60
If you're under age 60, tax may be withheld from your payment if your benefit contains a taxable component (see table below for the 2021-22 financial year). The rates below assume you have provided your TFN. All rates include the Medicare levy of 2%.
|If under preservation age, taxed up to a maximum rate of 22%.
Between preservation age and 60, the first $225,000* is tax free and the balance is taxed up to a maximum rate of 17%.
If under preservation age:
Between preservation age and 60:
- First $1.615 million taxed up to a maximum rate of 32%
- Amount above $1.615 million taxed at 47%.
- First $225,000 taxed up to a maximum rate of 17%
- Amount between $225,001 and $1.615 million taxed up to a maximum rate of 32%
- Amount above $1.615 million taxed at 47%.
Transfer balance cap
The transfer balance cap is a lifetime limit on the total amount of super you can transfer into retirement phase income streams, pensions, and/or annuities.
Your personal cap amount will depend on how much super you have transferred from your accumulation phase super account and/or transition to retirement income stream into a retirement phase income stream at 30 June of the previous financial year.
Below is a table showing how the date and the amount of super transferred will determine your personal transfer balance cap:
|First transfer date
||Transfer balance cap
|Before 1 July 2021
||Less than $1.6 million
||$1.6 million – $1.7 million#
|Before 1 July 2021
|On or after 1 July 2021
||Less than or equal to $1.7 million
The transfer balance cap doesn't apply to Working Income Stream accounts (transition to retirement income streams).
If you exceed your personal transfer balance cap you will have an excess transfer balance, which is the sum of the amount that exceeds your personal transfer balance cap and the earnings on that excess amount. You will need to:
- Withdraw the excess transfer balance or (if eligible) transfer it back to your super account, and/or
- Pay excess transfer balance tax.
The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) is responsible for the administration of the transfer balance cap. Members wanting information about their transfer balance cap should view this at ATO online services (available through your myGov account at my.gov.au/login). ESSSuper does not have access to your transfer balance cap information. Further information is available by searching 'transfer balance cap' on the ATO website at ato.gov.au